It was fought between Britain and France from to for colonial dominance in North America. British officials tried to rally public opinion for the war at the Albany Congress in but mustered only halfhearted support throughout the colonies. As a conciliatory gesture toward the Native Americans, Parliament issued the Proclamation of ,forbidding American colonists to settle on Native American territory unless native rights to the land had first been obtained by purchase or treaty.
Overview of the American Revolution Digital History ID Much more than a revolt against British taxes and trade regulations, the American Revolution was the first modern revolution.
It marked the first time in history that a people fought for their independence in the name of certain universal principles such as rule of law, constitutional rights, and popular sovereignty. This section examines the causes, fighting, and consequences of the American Revolution.
You will also read about the emerging patterns of resistance in the colonies, including petitions, pamphlets, intimidation, boycotts, and intercolonial meetings. You will also learn about the series of events, including the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, and the Coercive Acts, that ruptured relations between Britain and its American colonies.
In addition, you will learn why many colonists hesitated before declaring independence and how the Declaration of Independence summarized colonial grievances and provided a vision of a future independent American republic.
Finally, you will learn why the Americans emerged victorious in the Revolution. The Causes of the Revolution The roots of the American Revolution can be traced to the year when British leaders began to tighten imperial reins. Once harmonious relations between Britain and the colonies became increasingly conflict-riven.
The most serious problem was the need for money to support the empire. Attempts through the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Townshend Acts to raise money rather than control trade met with growing resistance in the colonies.
Tensions increased further after Parliament passed the Coercive Acts and the First Continental Congress took the first steps toward independence from Britain. Before the colonies gained independence, they had to fight a long and bitter war. The Revolutionary War The British had many advantages in the war, including a large, well-trained army and navy and many Loyalists who supported the British Empire.
Excellent leadership by George Washington; the aid of such European nations as France; and tactical errors by British commanders contributed to the American victory. British strategy called for crushing the rebellion in the North. Several times the British nearly defeated the Continental Army. But victories at Trenton and Princeton, N.
Infighting shifted to the South. Britain succeeded in capturing Georgia and Charleston, S. But bands of patriots harassed loyalists and disrupted supply lines, and Britain failed to achieve control over the southern countryside before advancing northward to Yorktown, Va.
About 7, Americans died in battle during the Revolution. Another 10, died from disease or exposure and about 8, died in British prisons.
A quarter of the slaves in South Carolina and Georgia escaped from bondage during the Revolution. The Northern states outlawed slavery or adopted gradual emancipation plans.The American Revolution was the 18th-century colonists' struggle for independence from Britain.
Learn about the Revolutionary War, the Declaration of Independence and more. Watch video · American Revolution leader John Hancock () was a signer of the Declaration of Independence in and a governor of Massachusetts.
American Revolution The American Revolution was a time when the British colonists in America rebelled against the rule of Great Britain.
There were many battles fought and the colonies gained their freedom and became the independent country of the United States. Overview of the American Revolution Digital History ID Much more than a revolt against British taxes and trade regulations, the American Revolution was the first modern revolution.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between and The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies won independence from Great Britain, becoming the United States of America. They defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War in .
American Revolution facts and 14 ready-to-use American Revolution worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the American Revolution.