Life Matthew was the eldest son of the renowned Thomas Arnoldwho was appointed headmaster of Rugby School in
See also, criticism on Culture and Anarchy: An Essay in Political and Social Criticism. Arnold is considered one of the most significant writers of the late Victorian period in England.
However, it was through his prose writing that Arnold asserted his greatest influence on literature. His writings on the role of literary criticism in society advance classical ideals and advocate the adoption of universal aesthetic standards. Biographical Information Arnold was the eldest son of Thomas Arnold, an influential educator who served as headmaster of Rugby School for a number of years.
Arnold himself attended Rugby from toand it was while he was a student there that he composed the prize-winning poem Alaric at Rome, which was published in After graduating from Balliol College at Oxford inArnold accepted a teaching post at the university and continued to write verse, publishing The Strayed Reveller, and Other Poems in Two years later he was appointed inspector of schools, a position he held until shortly before his death.
Arnold focused his energies on poetry untilwhen he became critical of Romantic expressions of emotion in poetry. For the remaining thirty-five years of his literary career, Arnold wrote numerous essays and reviews on literary, educational, and cultural issues; his controversial perspective on Christianity provoked the outrage of conservative politicians and religious thinkers.
He died of heart failure on April 15, The following year, he reissued the collection without its title poem.
Explaining his actions in his preface to the reissued collection, an essay that has become one of his most significant critical statements, Arnold denounced the emotional and stylistic excesses of late Romantic poetry and outlined a poetic theory derived from Aristotelian principles of unity and decorum.
Critics suggest that Arnold's recognition of the pervasive Romantic tendencies of his poetry, which conflicted dramatically with his classicist critical temperament, ultimately led him to abandon poetry as a form of self-expression.
Arnold's first major prose works, On Translating Homer and The Popular Education of France, with Notices of That of Holland and Switzerland, both published ininaugurated his career as a highly visible and sometimes controversial literary and social critic. With the appearance of St.
Paul and Protestantism, with an Essay on Puritanism and the Church of England inArnold's focus shifted to theological issues, particularly what he viewed as a crisis of religious faith in Victorian society.
Arnold attributed this crisis to the conflict between the prevailing influence of scientific rationalism and the intransigence of conservative theology.
His solution was a liberal, symbolic interpretation of biblical scripture, presented in Literature and Dogma: An Essay towards a Better Apprehension of the Biblethe publication of which caused an immediate uproar among conservative Church leaders and religious theorists.
Two years later Arnold answered his critics in God and the Bible: During his final years, Arnold made two tours of the United States and recorded his overwhelmingly negative assessment of American culture in Civilization in the United States: First and Last Impressions of America Arnold's prose writings articulate his desire to establish universal standards of taste and judgment.
Similarly, Culture and Anarchy: An Essay in Political and Social Criticismwidely viewed as one of Arnold's most important works, was motivated by his desire to redress what he saw as the smug provincialism and arrogance of English society. The essay is a sociopolitical analysis of England's class structure in which Arnold identifies three major classes: Barbarians the aristocracyPhilistines the middle classand the Populace the lower class.
While Arnold praised the aristocracy for their refined manners and social assurance, he also condemned them for their conservatism.
The lower class he dismissed as an ineffectual, inchoate mass. Arnold argued that as the middle class gradually assumed control of English politics, they must be transformed from their unpolished state into a sensitive, sophisticated, intellectual community.
The alternative, he contended, would be a dissolution of England's moral and cultural standards.Matthew Arnold – English poet, critic, and essayist. See also, criticism on Culture and Anarchy: An Essay in Political and Social Criticism.. Arnold is considered one of the most.
In , Arnold published Essays in Criticism: First initiativeblog.com in Criticism: Second Series would not appear until November , shortly after his untimely death. In , he published Thyrsis, his elegy to Clough who had died in Culture and Anarchy, Arnold's major work in social criticism (and one of the few pieces of his prose work .
On Kipling's Stories And Arnold's Essays: Insightful in Contemporary Criticism Stories Pictures Tell.
Book One (English) Matthew Arnold's Sohrab and Rustum and Other Poems On Kipling's Stories And Arnold's Essays: Insightful literary criticism from one of the original. appeared in the Eminent Women Series. And Mr. Rennell Rodd published The Unknown Madonna and criticism has been more closely studied and more aggressively confronted than the poetry, but the results Pater appears in Harris' essay as the first significant transmogrifier of Arnold's positions.
U. C. Some of the leading ideas and phrases were early put into currency in Essays in Criticism (First Series, ; Second Series, ) and Culture and Anarchy. The first essay in the volume, Matthew Arnold’s first volume of verse, The Strayed Reveller, and Other Poems.
Matthew Arnold’s “Culture and Anarchy” A lot of introductions to literary studies, including the one provided by Nünning, concentrate on what Collini ()2 calls the ”Holy Trinity“ of literary studies: poem, drama and novel.