The accumulation of these historical experiences increased the debate on the impact of the external factors on the domestic politics which has been a matter of controversy for so long. In the 19th and the first half of the 20th Centuries it was thought — mistakenly- that there is a separation between domestic and external politics, thus, the fields of comparative politics and international relation developed as far apart.
New Egyptian Constitution Democracy Hangs by a Thread The new draft constitution sets down the timetable for democratic transition on paper, but the police and military are standing guard at the station and controlling the points, writes Karim El-Gawhary in his commentary How good is a draft constitution that contains many positive articles, when a not insignificant element of the political landscape was excluded from the constitutional assembly and while the police state rages out on the streets?
This is the question that Egyptians must now ask themselves after the constitutional assembly voted on the articles that will now go to a referendum. Many of the articles look good on paper, with one important exception: The Egyptian military has ensured that its role in politics has been enshrined in the draft document.
For the next eight years at least, the military will decide on who fills the post of defence minister. Muslim Brotherhood shunned The process through which the draft came about was even more problematic. Of all the political forces represented in the country, it was the movement that held power until the military putsch five months ago, the Muslim Brotherhood, that was completely excluded.
With this constitution, Egyptian society was certainly not picked up from the point at which it now finds itself. It does not reflect any social consensus. The new Egyptian constitution strengthens the role of the military and revises the constitution influenced by the Muslim Brotherhood.
Army leaders annulled it after the toppling of President Mohammed Morsi.
Many senior members of the Muslim Brotherhood are now in detention In a bid to push it through by hook or by crook, a police state has taken shape comparable with the one in place during the Mubarak era.
A new restrictive right to demonstrate and right of assembly is doing the usual and has for some time now been applied not against the Muslim Brotherhood, but also against any dissent by secular Tahrir activists.
And ironically by those who claim to have come to power through mass demonstrations against the Muslim Brotherhood President Mohammed Morsi. At present, no one in Egypt is really able to explain how on earth a referendum on the constitution, as well as presidential and parliamentary elections can be expected to take place in this sort of climate.
The timetable for a democratic transition has now been put down on paper, but the military and police are standing guard at the station and controlling the points, to ensure that the train does not travel against their will in a direction that deviates from the predetermined route.Léopold Sédar Senghor is the President of the infant African Republic of Senegal, and a prominent theoretician who has contributed to black nationalism the world over one of its key terms and.
Since its publication in , Chants Democratic has endured as a classic narrative on labor and the rise of American democracy. In it, Sean Wilentz explores the dramatic social and intellectual changes that accompanied early industrialization in New York. Dr. Richard L.
Cravatts The writer is the president emeritus of Scholars for Peace in the Middle East and was formerly professor at Simmons U. Chants Democratic: New York City and the Rise of the American Working Class, – New York: Oxford University Press, Tag: Democratic The Magick and Power of Words.
The fact that you are even taking time to read my essay (which I’m grateful for) is a sign that we are willing to take the time to listen to someone else’s words.
And I really mean this, especially to the many of you who’ve read my essays this last year and who’ve even contacted me via. Chants Democratic - Chants Democratic, by Sean Wilentz examined the emergence of New York’s labor class during the Jacksonian era and in essence revealed Artisan Republicanism.
Wilentz offered a unique perspective in his historical analysis of the social and political labor histories during through