D in computational mathematics from Rice Universisty in He joined Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory inand is currently a senior scientist.
Monash in computational bioelectromagnetics. This site aims to educate the reader in the wide spectrum of applications to SFT. At its most basic level SFT is a new field theory that allows us to zoom in on particles and see them as 'self-fields'. And like atomic chemistry, there is a coherent structure within the various bosons that SFT calls 'photon chemistry'.
It's a fascinating adventure into the future of science and technology with a cleaner science and a cleaner world. An up-to-date precis is given below along with a description of the mathematical underpinnings.
In brief there is a correspondence between SFT and quantum field theory QFT ; one deals with forces, the other with energies. Differences in how the fields are measured and other theoretical reasons explain why SFT is deterministic with analytic closed-form solutions while QFT is probabilistic requiring numerical solutions.
SFT thus gives a more detailed and accurate description of the physical and biophysical world. Peer review has been the priority over the last decade. The effort now shifts to this website - to present a coherent and integrated view of SFT. Older pages need updating over the next few years. Apart from these important differences the relationships are identical as visual inspection reveals.
The underlying physical reason for the two equations is the treatment in SFT of both the electric and magnetic currents due to a particle's motion, compared to only the electric currents in QFT, neglecting the magnetic currents. This shows that quantum theory is incomplete as Einstein maintained till his death.
In the existing quantum theories we find we have an over constrained problem requiring probabilistic solution methods Arrivederci Uncertainty. What mathematical price do we have to pay for getting rid of uncertainty in SFT?
We require a change in the way the fields are treated. This boils down to not using the hypotenuse but the two sides in a triangle of distances; now we have two distances, not one.
And this is the reason why the hydrogen atom can be solved in closed form and why the photon is composite and not a singularity; it now has internal structure.
Analogously while QFT saw only an uncertain blur, SFT finds structure within the photon, an extension of our physical knowledge at the very small end of the size spectrum.
It seems there is an identifiable organization within photons and other field particles, known to particle physics as bosons. Phonons also sit under this theoretical umbrella and a stoichiometric equation can be written in terms of gluons, photons and phonons.
Three gluons rotating in three orthogonal directions fit within a modified system of Maxwell—Lorentz equations providing a basis for a dynamic solution inside nuclear regions. So far our knowledge of nuclear reactions has grown from the time when the two Curies, Marie and Pierre, studied pitchblende in the 's and slowly realized the power and danger of this new technology; now that a new vista of theoretical nuclear knowledge opens up before us let's hope we've all learnt our early lessons to be careful with this tricky but potentially world changing new knowledge.
What we see appears warped but in reality it is not. Thus the basis of SFT is more fundamental than the various quantum theories where Planck's 'constant' is inserted heuristically into a mathematical statement of the eigenvalue problem as it applies to waves.
In SFT the formulation includes a mathematics that provides a simpler non-numerical solution to the eigenvalue problem ab initio. It consists of dielectric and dimagnetic components, i. In comparison to the EM case, the solar system gravitation is differentiated so that the cyclotron motion now adds to the orbital rotation and does not move in an orthogonal plane as does the magnetic motion in atomic level EM; this intriguing fact was the basis of Einstein's calculations of the precession of Mercury in about At the galactic level there are three fields, not two as in EM; now we add the phonon as well as the photons of the electric field and the magnetic field.
The phonon is identical to the photon but the acoustic field is directed head on longitudinal to the direction of external motion. In nuclear regions these three fields can form gluons in high-energy regions. When this mix of three fields gluons is differentiated the spinors now move in three distinct rotations.
Hence within each galaxy there is also an up and down motion rotation in addition to the orbital and cyclotron rotations.Problem 72CP: Consider an electron undergoing cyclotron motion in a magnetic field. According to Bohr, the electron’s angular momentum must be quantized in units of ħ.a.
Show that allowed radii for the electron’s orbit are given by rn = (nħ/eB)1/2, where n = 1, 2, 3,.b. Motion in a Circle A particle P travels with constant speed in a circle of radius m and completes one revolution in s.
The particle passes through O at t = 0 s. What is the magnitude of the average velocity during the interval from t = s and t.
algebra, guiding-centre kinetic theories have been developed (Rutherford & Frieman ; Taylo &r Hastie ).
centre theories can also be applied to cyclotron resonances (Lashmore-Davie & s Dendy ) and, more generally, to any areas of plasma physics where finite- problem by showing the existence of a simple, but non-trivial, model.
problem – Electrostatics of dielectric media – Molecular polarisability and its application – Vector – Scalar potential – B and H in a magnetic material – Maxwell’s equations and their significance –. Cyclotron The cyclotron was one of the earliest types of particle accelerators, and is still used as the first stage of some large multi-stage particle accelerators.
It makes use of the magnetic force on a moving charge to bend moving charges into a semicircular path between accelerations by an applied electric field. The cyclotron orbit shown in the figure corresponds to the motion of a positive test charge with some initial velocity, free of forces other than the indicated electromagnetic field.
In Geometric Algebra, it traditional to not distinguish vectors using boldface or other decorations.