A Well-illustrated Overview on the Information Processing Theory Information processing theory describes how information is received, processed, stored and then retrieved in the human brain.
Readers are encouraged to study more in-depth to gain a full appreciation of the history, development, and implementation. At the end are guiding questions for the educator to contemplate instruction and Information Processing IP.
Information processing IP is a theory focusing on the mental processes in language learning, and most often compares the human brain to that of a computer. The theory began in the ss as psychology began to realize that there was a cognitive aspect to language learning that behaviorism did not address.
IP views language as a hierarchical set of skills where higher level components depend on acquisition of Information processing theory level components. This makes language a complex skill that must be practiced to attain higher levels.
A way to think about this is to imagine a child developing into an NBA point guard. The child must develop the basic skills to obtain higher level skills IP makes its connection of the mind and computer by stating that language learning requires brain processing to learn, similar to the processing that happens within a computer.
The two types of processing are controlled processing short term memory and automated processing long term memory. To understand this easier, it is better to understand controlled processing as MB USB and automated processing as a TB hard drive. All new information must pass through the USB before being added to the hard drive.
So, when the student is learning new information or skills, it requires a lot of attention so only a certain portion can be retained on the MB disk. Then as the student practices the controlled information, it becomes more natural or automated, and does not require much mental processing to produce.
At this time, the controlled processed material is put into a zip file and transferred to the automated hard drive where it is retained and used without much processing power.
Once the learner has transferred this information, it opens up more space in the controlled processing USB to take in new information. This happens over and over again. Numbers here do not have real life meaning, but are used to demonstrate the concept. Also, IP says that learning is dynamic, so knowledge that is learned can be changed and altered when acquiring new information.
This is called restructuring which helps for faster more coordinated response time. This allows for the student to increase in language learning and attain higher levels.
Terms according to IP Input is any information words, sounds, pictures, context, etc… that is available for students to learn from. Intake is the input that the individual notices and directs attention towards.Information processing (IP) is a theory focusing on the mental processes in language learning, and most often compares the human brain to that of a computer.
The theory began in the ss as psychology began to realize that there was a cognitive aspect to . Information processing theories explain how people work with or perform mental operations on information they have received.
These operations include all mental activities that involve noticing, taking in, manipulating, storing, combining, or retrieving information.
The information processing theory approach to the study of cognitive development evolved out of the American experimental tradition in psychology.
Developmental psychologists who adopt the information-processing perspective account for mental development in terms of maturational changes in basic components of a child’s mind.
The basic idea of Information processing theory is that the human mind is like a computer or information processor — rather than behaviorist notions that people merely responding to stimuli.
These theories equate thought mechanisms to that of a computer, in that . The information processing theory approach to the study of cognitive development evolved out of the American experimental tradition in initiativeblog.compmental psychologists who adopt the information-processing perspective account for mental development in terms of maturational changes in basic components of a child’s mind.
To review, information processing is a theory that describes the stages that occur when we interact with and take in various kinds of information from our daily environment. These stages in order.