There are different types of fingerprint readers on the market, but the basic idea behind each is to measure the physical difference between ridges and valleys. All the proposed methods can be grouped into two major families: The procedure for capturing a fingerprint using a sensor consists of rolling or touching with the finger onto a sensing area, which according to the physical principle in use optical, ultrasonic, capacitive or thermal captures the difference between valleys and ridges.
Finally the effect of mechanical vibrations could be observed from the point of view of the driver, perceiving different levels of comfort, or of the structures, that will be affected by fatigue stresses.
Each step of the project would be performed adopting both numerical and experimental approach. Source - Engine The characterization of the engine as vibrations source could be done from two point of view: Source - Road Vibrations induced by the road unevenness could be observed following two different approaches with the same final target to characterize road excitation.
Path - Engine The transfer path of the vibrations induced by engine unbalances involves engine mounts, bushings and frame. In order to characterise such components two approaches can be followed: From such analysis an optimal layout of system parameters can be obtained engine mounts positions, stiffness, etc.
Path - Road Vibrations induced by road unevenness are transmitted through tires and suspensions to the vehicle frame. The analysis of the transfer path can be done: Exposure - Driver Driver exposure to mechanical vibration can be characterized via experimental approach, while numerical analysis can be exploited to reduce vibrations affecting the driver: Exposure - Fatigue The analysis of the fatigue stresses of the vehicle structure or a part of it has the target to estimate collective damages and to define solutions to extend its fatigue life.Figure 1: Direct piezoelectric effect  Figure 2: Converse piezoelectric effect  Ferroelectricity and pyroelectricity Two important subclasses of piezoelectrics are ferroelectrics and pyroelectrics.
Ferroelectrics belong to the pyroelectric class of materials, which in turn belong to the piezoelectric class of materials. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) is an open access online peer reviewed international journal that publishes research.
of this thesis document in whole or in part in any medium now known or hereafter created. Environmental Engineering Thesis Supervisor Heidi M. Nepf Chair, Departmental Committee r Graduate a Students. Theory of Piezoelectric Materials and Their Applications in Civil Engineering By sensor where the material detects the change in.
DESIGN AND TESTING OF PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS A Thesis by BARTOSZ MIKA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of. Type or paste a DOI name into the text box.
Click Go. Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Send questions or comments to doi. Soluzioni Ingegneria is a high skilled engineering team with all around competences reached in universities, PhD, European projects and in field applications thanks to several industrial collaborations.