Social and ethical issues in computing

It can be the source of many benefits but it can also create new opportunities for invading your privacy, and enabling the reckless use of that information in a variety of decisions about you. Understanding Ethical and Social Issues Related to Systems In the past 10 years, we have witnessed, arguably, one of the most ethically challenging periods for U. Ethics refers to the principles of right and wrong that individuals, acting as free moral agents, use to make choices to guide their behaviors. The ethical dilemma you may face as a manager of information systems typically is reflected in social and political debate.

Social and ethical issues in computing

History[ edit ] Before social networking sites exploded over the past decade, there were earlier forms of social network technologies that included: They created a backbone for the new modern sites.

Frequently bought together

Yet, since the start there existed an issue of privacy. Ina young woman in New York City was on a first date with an online acquaintance and later sued for sexual harassment, after her date tried to play out some of the sexual fantasies they had discussed while online.

This is just an early example of many more issues to come regarding internet privacy. People using these sites were seen as "techies" unlike users in the current era. One of the early privacy cases was in regards to MySpacedue to "stalking of minors, bullying, and privacy issues", which inevitably led to the adoption of "age requirements and other safety measures".

A majority of the United States population uses some sort of social media site. They require people to share and connect with each other. Once something is posted on the internet, it becomes public and is no longer private. Users can turn privacy settings on for their accounts;however, that does not guarantee that information will not go beyond their intended audience.

Pictures and posts can be saved and posts may never really get deleted. Social media sites have allowed people to connect with many more people than with just in person interactions.

People can connect with users from all across the world that they may never have the chance to meet in person. This can be a positive aspect; however, this also arises many concerns about privacy.

Information can be posted about a person that they do not want getting out. Someone can learn a lot about a person based on what they post before they even meet them once in person. The ability to achieve privacy is a never ending process.

This information usually consists of the birth date, current address, and telephone number s. Some sites also allow users to provide more information about themselves such as interests, hobbies, favorite books or films, and even relationship status. However, there are other social network sites, such as Match.

Thus, linking users to their real identity can sometimes be rather difficult. Nevertheless, individuals can sometimes be identified with face re-identification.

It is possible for users to block other users from locating them on Facebook, but this must be done by individual basis, and would, therefore, appear not to be commonly used for a wide number of people.

Most users do not realize that while they may make use of the security features on Facebook the default setting is restored after each update. All of this has led to many concerns that users are displaying far too much information on social networking sites which may have serious implications on their privacy.

Facebook was criticized due to the perceived laxity regarding privacy in the default setting for users. This occurs when people are aware of risks, but then do not believe that these risks apply or relate to them as individuals.

Individuals may be willing to risk their privacy to reap the rewards of being active on social media. This study in particular looked at teenagers with mental illness and how they interact on social media.

Privacy should be a main concern, especially for teens who may not be entirely informed about the importance and consequences of public versus private use. Users leave digital imprints during browsing of social networking sites or services.

Social and ethical issues in computing

It has been identified from few of online studies conducted, that users trust websites and social networking sites. As per trust referred, [14] "trust is defined in Mayer, Davis, and Schoorman, as "the willingness of a party to be vulnerable to the actions of another party based on the expectation that the other will perform a particular action important to the trustor, irrespective of the ability to monitor or control that other party" p.

Social Technology: Rights and Responsibilities

A survey [15] was conducted by Carnegie Mellon University, a majority of users provided their living city, phone numbers among other personal information, while user is clearly unaware of consequences of sharing certain information.

Adding to this insight, is the social networking users are from various cities, remote villages, towns, cultures, traditions, religions, background, economic classes, education background, time zones and so on that highlight the significant gap in awareness.

The survey results of the paper [15] suggest, "These results show that the interaction of trust and privacy concern in social networking sites is not yet understood to a sufficient degree to allow accurate modeling of behavior and activity. The results of the study encourage further research in the effort to understand the development of relationships in the online social environment and the reasons for differences in behavior on different sites.

Social networking sites themselves can take a responsibility and make such awareness possible by means of participatory methods by virtual online means. Flickr is an example of a social media website that provides geotagged photos that allows users to view the exact location of where a person is visiting or staying.

Geotagged photos make it easy for third party users to see where an individual is located or traveling to. If a user clicked a specific ad in a page, Facebook will send the address of this page to advertisers, which will directly lead to a profile page.Bioethics is the study of the ethical issues emerging from advances in biology and initiativeblog.com is also moral discernment as it relates to medical policy and practice.

Bioethicists are concerned with the ethical questions that arise in the relationships among life sciences, biotechnology, medicine, politics, law, and initiativeblog.com includes the study of values ("the ethics of the ordinary.

For courses in Computer Ethics and Computers and Society. An objective study of technology ethics that inspires critical thinking and debate. In Gift of Fire, A: Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues for Computing Technology, Sara Baase presents a balanced exploration of the social, legal, philosophical, ethical, political, constitutional, and economic implications of computing and the.

For courses in Computer Ethics and Computers and Society. An objective study of technology ethics that inspires critical thinking and debate. In Gift of Fire, A: Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues for Computing Technology, Sara Baase presents a balanced exploration of the social, legal, philosophical, ethical, political, constitutional, and economic implications of computing and the.

Ethical, social and legal issues in Cloud Computing Ethical, social and legal issues in Cloud Computing Introduction The latest decades have underpinned the concept that information processing may be carried out more centrally and efficiently, on extensive farms of storage and computing systems which may be accessed through the internet.

About the Social Science Bachelor's Degree. Your social science degree will help you learn to address social issues from an interdisciplinary perspective, communicate with a diverse audience, develop strong critical thinking skills, articulate the range of research methods used in the social sciences, and recognize good evidence.

1) Research Goal: The goal of AI research should be to create not undirected intelligence, but beneficial intelligence. 2) Research Funding: Investments in AI should be accompanied by funding for research on ensuring its beneficial use, including thorny questions in computer science, economics, law, ethics, and social studies, such as: How can we make future AI systems highly robust, so that.

Bioethics - Wikipedia