This policy eroded what small socio-economic additions that had been made in the first decennary of the freshly independent province L. Crisis and Democratisation by presenting authorities disbursement on the socialist policies such as free instruction and undertakings with the purpose of bettering the substructure of the state to those habitant in the rural countries of the state who had been neglected by the former colonial authorities.
Religious text demostate the existence of begging in the early years of creation. The Redgveda, a classical Hindu text cites giving arms as way of seeking salvation. Gore the Christians also had gifts for the poor Mauss The problem of begging is a universal phenomenon and highly visible socio-economic and physical problem of most cities in Africa.
The begging act that is employed by beggars in the third world is different with those that are employed in the developed nations.
In many urban areas of Africastreet beggars are found everywhere in public spaces, such as filling stations, restaurants, banks, super markets, foot outlets, bus terminus and churches. Most of these poverty-ridden disabled persons have taken the advantage of the anomic situation of most urban centre's to remain permanent residents legal or illegal of these cities.
A state of anomie is that obtained in relatively large towns and cities where members of the same neighborhood or even compound do not or seem not to know or care about other members or what they do, so far they are not directly affected.
There a various reasons for engaging in begging behavior. Most disabled people on the street see vending as a way to acquire money quickly. It also the same strategy that migrants adopt often end up becoming obstacles in the achievement of their goals.
In Zimbabwe begging emerged due to urbanization under the colonial government. The African culture did not allow one to be treated as a beggar or destitute. Colonization brought with them their foreign culture which broke the African norms and values.
Prior to the arrival of white in Zimbabwe joy and problems were shared amongst the kinship or by the community. The colonial had a way of controlling begging of the black indigenous people. It introduced oppressive laws to deal with begging.
The Natives Accommodation andRegistration Act of legislation obliged local authorities to financeand administer urban black townships, and provided them with diemachinery to do so. It also made local authorities responsible for dieoperation of'pass laws'. Vagrancy Act was enacted in to regulate the flow of male migrants totown according to the availability of employment.
It also served to preventthe accumulation in urban centre of large numbers of unemployed, whowere perceived by the colonial local authorities and government to be athreat to civil peace in the urban areas. Since all urban areas were designated white areas, black townships weretechnically located within the white areas, and therefore all blacks living inthese townships were living there not as a right but as a privilege.
The size ofthe black urban population including dependents was therefore verymuch a function of the availability of employment and the provision ofhousing. The Laws such as the pass systems was enacted to deal with black beggars and destitute.
It enacted laws which barred black people to be seen in the towns and cities. The way the city was accessed by the blacks did not allow beggars and destitute in town. It was only those who were employed by the companies and the colonial government to come to the city.
From the time of the colonial occupation in die s until die independence of Zimbabwe indie urban areas of Zimbabwe were considered die preserve of the white population. The colonial government had sound social policy in place which allowed them to take care of its poor class. There was free education and health for white of low income.
This education compulsory act only for European children and also allowed for the provision of free education to day scholars among the European population only. In when the nation attained its independence from the colonial government it opened the flood gates of rural to urban migration.
Between and the number of people who migrated to Harare increased at astronomical levels. This can be attributed to anumber of factors including the removal of the influx control legislation, the migration of the families of 'single' men who, as a result of legislativerestriction and for economic reasons, had remained in the rural areas; thepressure of population in much of the communal lands; the stagnation ofemployment opportunities on commercial farms; the fact that averageincomes for blacks in the urban areas are much higher than in thecommunal lands, and opportunities for employment are perceived to begreater in the urban areas; the impact of the drought on the rural areas; andthe increased security of urban living resulting from the Mugabegovernment's extension of home ownership to occupants of formerlypublically owned rental housing stock.
The bright city of Harare attracted the youth and disabled people from the rural areas. By faced numerous problems like housingproblems, growing unemployment, closing of companies. The country was then forced to adopt the Economic Structural Adjustment Programme.
The programme entailed the rolling back of the state.
Market forces were sought to control and regulate economy. The result was untold suffering of the vulnerable groups. The management of disability issues also shifted its focus from institunisation to community based care.
Prior disabled people in Zimbabwe were being kept by organizations such as Jairos Jiri, LeonardCheshire homes and many others.Zimbabwe is currently facing the worst economic crisis in its history.
The inflationary rates are in an all time high while unemployment rate is more than ninety percent.
The current economic crisis has been caused by various factors which can be described as economical, social and political. Race and the Census: Effect on the Social Context of Cultural and Social Identity - The focus of this research study is to explore the construct of race in the census survey and the effect that it has on the social context of both cultural and social identity.
As one of many developing countries, Zimbabwe is facing a variety of differing social and economic problems. Some of the most serious problems are high degree of poverty and unemployment, rampant HIV/ AIDS infection, rapid population growth and migration on a massive scale (Mulat, 10).
discuss the development challenges in the context of zimbabwe. Zimbabwe as a developing state has a number of developmental challenges that emanate from different quarters within the parameters of its political, social, economic, technological and environmental set ups.
Zimbabwe as a developing state has a number of developmental challenges that emanate from different quarters within the parameters of its political, social, economic, technological and . ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ISSUES Economics is the social science that studies the behavior of individuals, groups, and organizations (called economic actors, players, or agents), when they manage or use scarce resources, which have alternative uses, to achieve desired ends.