The average respondent answered 16 of the 32 religious knowledge questions correctly. As will be discussed in detail later in this report, these groups display greater religious knowledge even when education and other factors are held constant. Mormons outperform Jews as well as atheists and agnostics on questions about the Bible but do not perform as well as the other two groups on questions having to do with world religions such as Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism.
Public Health Ecology These different disciplines all can contribute to a more holistic understanding of the biological, economic, and cultural impacts of disease. While a geneticist may conduct research to determine the type of DNA that is most susceptible to the flu, someone studying population health may pay attention instead to the living conditions and access to healthcare of those communities most affected by this epidemic.
Helpful Readings While talking to an expert is the best way to gather useful advice, there are print sources that can offer you similar insights. Historiographic Essays Historiography is the history of history. That is, the historiography of the Civil War refers not to what happened in between andbut what has been said and written about the Civil War since it ended.
In part, your efforts to position your argument are designed to help figure out where you fit into the historiography of your topic.
Occasionally, scholars will write an essay sometimes even a book on the historiography of a subject. This serves two purposes: While they can be tricky to find, these essays usually include the word historiography in their abstract, if not in their title.
About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. We make it easy to roll up your sleeves and create DIY research surveys online. Extracting specific data points isn’t always easy. To get actionable and reliable data, we provide you with sound survey methodology, useful question types, and expert-certified survey initiativeblog.com we give you tons of ways to send surveys, track responses, and cutting-edge tools for analyzing results. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
Now read the article looking for its potential relevance to your research. If bureaucrats were used to seeing disease among urban minority populations, how might they have reacted to these claims that African Americans were immune to the flu?
How might their efforts be influenced by the politics of the era of racial segregation or the northern cities to which southern African Americans are migrating? Edited Anthologies In your research, you may already have come across several books that compile articles by a number of historians on the same topic.
These compilations are called anthologies. Anthologies are good places to look for common and conflicting approaches and interpretations on a topic. Often an introductory essay will outline the contours of the essays, highlighting the trends that you're hunting for in your research.
A keyword search at your library can help you find anthologies. To find an anthology, look for titles that list an editor rather than an author. Anthologies can help you see whether your work is relevant to the conversations scholars have had on your topic and if your research can help move the conversation forward.
In this volume you'll see that the editor sketches the historiography of urban environmental history, and he also describes the contents of each article.
If public health officials expected African Americans to get more diseases, in what ways did these articles challenge that assumption?
He describes an essay in the book on yellow fever in New Orleans. You might never have intended to look this far back in time, but now you can describe how what you're seeing in your research on the Flu Epidemic of differs from what this article describes going on with yellow fever in Take a fresh look at these sources to see what they can teach you about the variety of scholarship on your topic.
Skim the other histories listed. If you look back through the bibliographies of the books you've gathered, you'll see Charles Rosenberg's Explaining Epidemics pop up again and again. While that book might not have much on the influenza or anything at all on African Americans, it would be worth looking at because it's clearly central to the way historians have thought about disease.
Whether you agree with Rosenberg's arguments or not, by having grappled with them you join the ongoing conversation about the history of disease.
Keeping Current New work is always being done.In comparison, the literature survey of a standard research article is usually much shorter ( journal pages), and will not cite nearly as many papers (anywhere from 10 to , depending on the topic and the amount of relevant literature available).
Managing neck and back pain in America. In the fourth installment of Gallup and Palmer’s annual report, we unveil new findings on Americans’ preferences for neck or back pain care, patient experiences with health care providers and the prevalence of various methods .
Research Comments from Ciphers By Ritter Terry Ritter. A Latin square of order n is an n by n array containing symbols from some alphabet of size n, arranged so that each symbol appears exactly once in each row and exactly once in each initiativeblog.com best introduction here is in Bose and Manvel..
It seems that Latin squares were originally mathematical curiousities, but serious statistical. A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated.
A literature review is likewise not a collection of quotes and paraphrasing from other sources. A good literature review should critically evaluate the quality and findings of the research.
A good literature review should avoid the temptation of stressing the importance of a particular research program. Search the Auburn University Libraries' online catalog, AUBIECat, and other resources available to students, faculty, and staff of Auburn University.