The history of the mafia since the ninth century and its spread

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The history of the mafia since the ninth century and its spread

Etymology[ edit ] The word mafia originated in Sicily. The Sicilian adjective mafiusu in Italian: In reference to a man, mafiusu in 19th century Sicily was ambiguous, signifying a bully, arrogant but also fearless, enterprising and proud, according to scholar Diego Gambetta.

The Sicilian word mafie refers to the caves near Trapani and Marsala[3] which were often used as hiding places for refugees and criminals. Sicily was once an Islamic emiratetherefore mafia might have Arabic roots.

Possible Arabic roots of the word include: The words mafia and mafiusi are never mentioned in the play; they were probably put in the title to add a local flair. The play is about a Palermo prison gang with traits similar to the Mafia: The word made its first official appearance in in a report by the prefect of Palermo Filippo Antonio Gualterio.

Giovanni Falconethe anti-Mafia judge murdered by the Mafia inhowever, objected to the conflation of the term "Mafia" with organized crime in general: While there was a time when people were reluctant to pronounce the word "Mafia" I am no longer willing to accept the habit of speaking of the Mafia in descriptive and all-inclusive terms that make it possible to stack up phenomena that are indeed related to the field of organised crime but that have little or nothing in common with the Mafia.

Senate Committee on Government Operations in known as the Valachi hearings.

The history of the mafia since the ninth century and its spread

InMafia turncoat Tommaso Buscetta revealed to anti-mafia magistrate Giovanni Falcone that the term was used by the Sicilian Mafia, as well.

Mafiosi are known among themselves as "men of honour" or "men of respect". Definitions[ edit ] It is difficult to exactly define the single function or goal of the phenomenon of the Mafia.

Until the early s, mafia was generally considered a unique Sicilian cultural attitude and form of power, excluding any corporate or organisational dimension. He saw the Mafia as an "industry of violence" and described the designation of the term "mafia": It should be noted that with the word Mafia, the Sicilians intend to express two things, two social phenomena, that can be analyzed in separate ways even though they are closely related.

On the other hand, the same word in Sicily can also indicate, not a special organization, but the combination of many small organizations, that pursue various goals, in the course of which its members almost always do things which are basically illegal and sometimes even criminal.

Judicial investigations and scientific research in the s provided solid proof of the existence of well-structured Mafia groups with entrepreneurial characteristics. The Mafia was seen as an enterprise, and its economic activities became the focus of academic analyses.

The economic approach to explain the Mafia did illustrate the development and operations of the Mafia business, but neglected the cultural symbols and codes by which the Mafia legitimized its existence and by which it rooted itself into Sicilian society.

Article bis defines an association as being of Mafia-type nature "when those belonging to the association exploit the potential for intimidation which their membership gives them, and the compliance and omerta which membership entails and which lead to the committing of crimes, the direct or indirect assumption of management or control of financial activities, concessions, permissions, enterprises and public services for the purpose of deriving profit or wrongful advantages for themselves or others.

At the turn of the century the American Mafia was different from the Sicilian Mafia in a number of ways. The European Mafia was founded on a sense of loyalty . the history of the american mafia Limited Time Offer at Lots of initiativeblog.com!!! We have made a special deal with a well known Professional Research Paper company to offer you up to 15 professional research papers per month for just $ This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document. Unformatted text preview: THE HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN MAFIA OMERTA? THE HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN MAFIA Throughout history, crime has existed in many different forms and has been committed by not only individuals, but by.

According to historian Salvatore Lupo, "if everything is Mafia, nothing is Mafia. They use their fearsome reputation for violence to deter people from swindling, robbing, or competing with those who pay them for protection. For many businessmen in Sicily, they provide an essential service when they cannot rely on the police and judiciary to enforce their contracts and protect their properties from thieves this is often because they are engaged in black market deals.

The Mafia is all of these but none of these exclusively. In fact, they have been known to spread deliberate lies about their past, and sometimes come to believe in their own myths.

Under feudalism, the nobility owned most of the land and enforced law and order through their private armies. Afterthe feudal barons steadily sold off or rented their lands to private citizens. Primogeniture was abolished, land could no longer be seized to settle debts, and one fifth of the land became private property of the peasants.

The history of the mafia since the ninth century and its spread

The result was a huge increase in landowners — from 2, in to 20, by The barons were releasing their private armies to let the state take over the job of enforcing the law, but the new authorities were not up to the task, largely due to their inexperience with capitalism.

Some towns did not have any permanent police force, only visited every few months by some troops to collect malcontents, leaving criminals to operate with impunity in the interim.

In the face of rising crime, booming commerce, and inefficient authorities, property owners turned to extralegal arbitrators and protectors. These extralegal protectors eventually organized themselves into the first Mafia clans.Mafia as Government History and Introduction The history of the Mafia began in the ninth century, when a secret society was formed to protect the people of Sicily.

Sicily was occupied by Arab forces. A group of Sicilians fled into the countryside to escape, and later to fight, the encroaching forces.

- Mafia as Government History and Introduction The history of the Mafia began in the ninth century, when a secret society was formed to protect the people of Sicily.

Sicily was occupied by Arab forces. History of the American Mafia Essay Words | 7 Pages. History of the American Mafia Imagine living in a world where crime ruled. A world where gangsters were more powerful than politicians, owned the police, and ran the city in whatever way they felt.

They robbed whom they wanted and killed when they didn't get their way.

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This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document. Unformatted text preview: THE HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN MAFIA OMERTA? THE HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN MAFIA Throughout history, crime has existed in many different forms and has been committed by not only individuals, but by.

How fascism moved from left to right, and the Mafia’s enduring relationship with Freemasonry. The historic relationship between the Mafia and Freemasonry is a fascinating one, for the role that its members have taken in world events.

Since its initial introduction to Italy, and particularly in Sicily, the Mafia has since fostered and grown into a worldwide crime organization. The origin of the word "mafia" is quite vague.

Some experts claim that it came into existence as early as the ninth century, when Arab forces invaded and conquered Sicily.

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